There are many volcanoes in Mexico, some active, some extinct.But the main ones are in a belt that runs throughCentral Mexico from the Pacific Ocean to the Gulf of Mexico.
I’ll just mention a few of the more interesting ones:
Mount Popocatepetl (“the Smoking Mountain” in Nahautl language) as it has been known for centuries, had a moderate eruption in 1994. every once in awhile it spews out ash & steam. 20% of the Mexican population lives around this volcano. Popocatepetl (also called Don Gregorio by local natives) was born about 700,000 years ago.
If you visit nearby villages like Xalizintla or Amecameca you can find pumice stones everywhere. Great for scouring pots or sanding down callouses.
El Chichon in Chiapas erupted in 1982 causing one of Mexicos worse disasters, killing more than 2,000 people
Here in Tlaxcala “La Malinche” erupted 7500 years ago & continued till about 3000 years ago and has been extinct ever since.
On the positive side, volcanic ash makes the soil very fertile.
The Pico of Orizaba, also known as Citlatlapetl or Star Hill, is Mexicos highest Mountain (5,610 meters), it has been quiet since the 1800’s. right next to it on Cerro Negro is the Worlds largest Radio telescope.